International students face uncertain future in U.S.
Thursday, July 23, 2020 @ 12:43 PM | By Kaamil Ali Khalfan
|Kaamil Ali Khalfan|
On July 14, the Trump administration rescinded the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) policy from July 6, which provided an ultimatum to international students: attend classes in person during a pandemic or be forcibly removed from the country.
Professor Andrew Moore, an immigration law professor at Detroit Mercy Law, recognizes that “the policy intended to compel [universities and colleges] to open up even if it may not be the best thing for the institution, given where they may be located and given what they may think is the best policy for their student body.”
Shortly after its announcement, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court of Massachusetts to block the policy. Public pressure on the Trump administration was significant, with hundreds of thousands of Americans and international supporters signing petitions and social media users raising awareness about the detrimental effects of the policy on international students.
Though international students feel relieved that the immediate threat of deportation is gone, students like Ali are “still worried that a new order will take the place of the now rescinded one.” Ali concedes that “such is the life of an international student constantly waiting for the next shoe to drop.” Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey suspects ICE will propose a new order: “They may try this again. We will be ready.”
Current international students facing such uncertainty have options. Some are looking to temporarily study online with a U.S. college or university while residing in Canada.
However, Erin Simpson, a Toronto-based refugee and human rights lawyer, suggests that this workaround may not be a viable solution, particularly in the midst of a global pandemic: “As it stands, there are very restrictive conditions on who can even enter Canada from the U.S., leaving aside the question of gaining status. Even if a foreign national was able to obtain a visitor’s visa ([the Canadian government has] only recently resumed online processing of these), they would still have to establish “essential” travel in order to cross into Canada from the U.S. Even students who have valid study permits for Canada, but were approved after March 18, are currently not able to enter Canada from outside the U.S. … and people studying at Canadian institutions whose courses are online are not necessarily being allowed entry.”
On July 14, Canada announced that it would make it easier for international students to study online from abroad and to qualify for a work permit after graduation during strict pandemic border closures. Immigration Canada will expedite permit processing for international students who submit applications online and allow time spent studying online from abroad count toward eligibility for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP). The new two-stage process helps international students who are unable to submit documents required to process their PGWP application due to pandemic restrictions attain approval-in-principle for study permits. International student enrolment in Canada is on the rise: as of this summer, the number of study permits issued to international students is up 11 per cent from this time last year.
By contrast, new international student enrolment in the U.S. has fallen in the last three years because of the Trump administration’s posture toward immigration. After the threat of the ICE policy, it seems inevitable that this trend will continue. Though the ICE restriction was quickly rescinded, its adverse effects on international students deciding to study in the U.S. will no doubt remain in the future.
What can Canadian lawyers do to support international student-clients in the meantime? It is worthwhile to search for all potential alternatives in Canada for international students who may face forced removal. In terms of immediate opportunities, Canadian lawyers can assist current international students in the U.S. transfer to a university or college program in Canada rather than studying with the anxiety of deportation. Canadian lawyers can ensure this cohort and new international students successfully complete study permit applications and submit necessary documentation for September 2020.
For Ali, America is only one of many other places she’s looking to continue her post-graduate studies. “This is the only positive outcome of the days of uncertainty I just went through, it’s forced me to think of a future that isn’t in America and plan for that.”
Kaamil Ali Khalfan is a rising second-year law student in the Dual JD program at the University of Windsor Faculty of Law and the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law. His legal area of interest is corporate and commercial law. He is available to connect on LinkedIn.
Photo credit / larryrains ISTOCKPHOTO.COM
Interested in writing for us? To learn more about how you can add your voice to The Lawyer’s Daily, contact Analysis Editor Richard Skinulis at Richard.Skinulis@lexisnexis.ca or call 437- 828-6772.